Complex systems are understood only with the benefit of long-term observations on key inputs, outputs and drivers, and analyzed in a comparative and/or experimental framework. With Jamaica Bay, we are focused on a degraded and dynamic ecosystem in which few system processes are understood well enough to identify key drivers or their mechanisms (e.g. salt marsh loss or absence of oyster recruitment). One necessity is to build a monitoring framework to capture the variability of the Bay. This requires instrumentation for monitoring change in real time that measure a spectrum of variables relevant to maintaining water quality, ecosystem function, and providing ecosystem services (e.g., pH, dissolved oxygen, salinity). A key goal here is to set out the appropriate instrumentation in the Bay to allow long-term monitoring. This should be combined with other forms of physical, chemical, and biological monitoring.

Explore some of the projects that focus on this objective: